Temporomandibular Dysfunction

Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is pain and functional limitations related to the jaw. It may be caused by muscle spasms, stiffness, disc injuries or displacements, joint inflammation, and arthritis.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

  • Pain with opening at the jaw, ear, and/or neck
  • Pain with chewing hard and chewy foods
  • Limited opening range of motion
  • Clicking
  • Muscle soreness in the mornings
  • Headaches

HOW CAN PHYSICAL THERAPY HELP?

Following a complete examination, your PT will determine the cause of your TMD pain and make an appropriate plan of care to include massage to address muscle tension, relaxation techniques to reduce muscle overactivation and overuse, joint mobilization to improve joint mechanics and reduce inflammation, postural strengthening to reduce strain on involved tissue, and modalities such as cold laser for pain control. Depending on your presentation, your PT may suggest the use of dry needling to address pain and muscle tension.

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