Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis syndrome involves irritation and tightness or spasming of the piriformis muscle, which is a hip rotator and stabilizer. This tightness may result in compression of the sciatic nerve, which runs directly below the piriformis muscle. It can result in direct, traumatic injury to the muscle or overuse as with running due to repetitive movements. Such spasms or irritation can result from other injuries or surgeries, especially at the hip.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

  • Local hip or buttock pain
  • Leg pain or numbness and tingling through the leg into the foot or toes due to compression of the sciatic nerve

HOW CAN PHYSICAL THERAPY HELP?

Based on your presentation, your PT will choose the most appropriate treatment for you, which may include soft tissue mobilization, joint mobilizations, strengthening, and stretches. Your PT will also provide you with a home exercise program as you progress through your care to ensure the most effective recovery.

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